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October 5, 2013
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Basic HTML Formatting Guide

Sat Oct 5, 2013, 8:39 AM

Introduction



HTML is a markup language used to create web pages. It primarily consists of content placed between named tags that define the layout or style of that content.


Is it just me or does trying to explain HTML and what it does always seem to make it sound more complicated than it actually is? Very simply, HTML is the building blocks of the web. With it you can create a web page right from the foundations of the layout to the finishing touches of style. Don't get me wrong, it is a fairly involved topic but it really is quite simple to pick up the basics.

What I'll be helping you with here is the formatting aspect of HTML. These are the things that add colour to your page and make your font fancy.

Below you will find a number of examples of HTML formatting that you can use to style your own web pages, dA profiles and journals. All you need to do is copy/paste the code and replace the sample text with your own content. Along with the quick reference I've also written a brief glossary of terms and provided a list of useful links in case you wish to do some further reading.

As always, if you have any questions or problems just let me know.


Text Formatting



Bold text
<b> sample text </b>

Strong
<strong> sample text </strong>

Emphasized
<em> sample text </em>

Italics
<i> sample text </i>

Small
<small> sample text </small>

Superscript
<sup> sample text </sup>

Subscript
<sub> sample text </sub>

Strikethrough
<strike> sample text </strike>

Strikethrough
<s> sample text </s>

Deleted text
<del> sample text </del>

Inserted text
<ins> sample text </ins>

Underlined
<u> sample text </u>

Code
<code> sample text </code>

| Blockquote
<blockquote> sample text </blockquote>

Header
<h3> sample text </h3>
You can define h3 - h6



Font Formatting



Replace the green text in the examples below with your own values.

Face
<font face="verdana"> sample text </font>

Size
<font size="3"> sample text </font>
You can define sizes from 1-7

Color
<font color="#888888"> sample text </font>
<font color="white"> sample text </font>
<font color="rgb(255,255,255)"> sample text </font>
You can define colour using the colour name, hex code or rgb number. Please note that the font color attribute does not work on deviantART profiles.



Paragraphs & Breaks



Paragraph
<p> sample text </p>
Adds a margin around a block of text

Break
sample text <br> sample text
Moves following text to the line underneath. It has no end tag.

Horizontal rule
sample text <hr> sample text
Creates a line to separate sections of content



Layout & Alignment



Division
<div> sample text </div>
Creates a block within which to display content. Used for creating different sections on a web page.

Span
<span> sample text </span>
Defines an area of text that can be styled in-line. It doesn't do anything by itself but allows the use of attributes to style a certain section of text.

Align
<div align="center">sample text</div>
Aligns content.



Images



Image
<img src="http://website.com/image.png">
Used to display images. Replace the green text with your image URL



Links



Text link
<a href="http://website.com"> sample text </a>
Creates a clickable text link. Replace the green text with your page URL.

Image link
<a href="http://website.com"><img src="http://website.com/image.png"></a>
Creates a clickable image link. Replace the green text with your page URL. Replace the blue text with your image URL.



Glossary



HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used to create web pages.

Tags are used to define layout and styles. Tag names are enclosed in angle brackets and usually come in pairs consisting of an opening tag and closing tag. The closing tag includes a forward slash before the tag name.
<tag> </tag>


Element refers to the entire content of a pair of tags, including the text between.
<tag> content </tag>


Attributes can be added to an element to further define them. They come in name/value pairs in the form name="value"
<tag color="red"> sample text </tag>


URL (uniform resource locator) refers to the specific location of an item on the internet. It is also refered to as a web address and is used to identify and link to specific pages and content.
http://www.website.com


Hex codes are a string of six digits and letters preceeded by a hash tag used to define a certain colour.
#ffffff


RGB numbers use a combination of red, green and blue numerical values to define a colour.
255,255,255



Helpful Links



deviantART Customisation FAQ
A list of the most frequently asked questions regarding customising your deviantART account. Answers include information and instructions.

Basic CSS style Guide
A quick guide to styling HTML content with CSS.

w3schools
A comprehensive information resource covering all aspects of HTML.

Hex and RGB values
Get hex and rgb numbers for any colour

Google Fonts
A collection of Open Source fonts you can use on your pages for free.


Add a Comment:
 
:iconthatcrazydinochick14:
ThatCrazyDinoChick14 Featured By Owner Edited Jun 29, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you for this! It really works! xD
Reply
:icongasara:
Gasara Featured By Owner Jun 30, 2014
You're welcome! :hug:
Reply
:iconape67:
ape67 Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲THX
╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲FOR
╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲╱╲SHARE
+fav
 
Thumbs UpWink/Razz            
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:iconmirmirs:
mirmirs Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is super helpful!!
Reply
:iconmalamute456:
Malamute456 Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is perfect! Thanks so much!
Reply
:iconmermaidenne:
mermaidenne Featured By Owner Jan 27, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Super helpful! Thanks!
Reply
:icongasara:
Gasara Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2014
You're welcome, my dear!
Reply
:iconamege:
aMege Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you very much for this guide! I'm always forgetting my formatting tags, and for some reason dA's explanation drags this stuff out between three different blog/journal posts. Having it all in one place in a very well layed out and easy-to-read format is extremely helpful. :heart:
Reply
:iconpachisu:
pachisu Featured By Owner Jan 17, 2014
So at the moment I'm having issue that when I do < small> or even < sub> in front of the text, it only effects the FIRST word, and not the whole text after I close it off with < /small> < /sub>. Do you know if this is an issue occurring with anyone else? :(
Reply
:iconamege:
aMege Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I've been having similar problems as well. Most of my problems tend to occur when I have multiple lines. When I hit return (aka enter) to start a new line it appears to do something unseeable to the html on the page and cancels whatever formatting I'm trying to use. So basically hitting return adds an invisible </tag> to whatever I'm doing. And copy/pasting the tag onto each line doesn't fix it, I've found each has to be typed by hand.
I'm not the only one to have these problems; I think it's safe to assume dA's internals css/html is a bit wonky right now. I think everyone's just trying to ride it out. :heart:
Reply
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